Architecture, Construction and Interior Design Ideas | BuildingeKart

Home Construction & Design Services in Bangalore

  • Home is where your heart is...

    Home is where your heart is. Home is the abode you come back to, the place where you find acceptance and peace. We all spend a great deal of effort and time in building that abode of ours. Each and every material that goes into building that home, each and every piece of décor that adds life to that home is chosen with great care and love. At BuildingeKart, we help you being there with you in each and every step of your journey. Be it change of decision, dilemma of choice, or budget constraints we help you out easing your job.

    Happy valentine's day at your home

    The way falling in love brings about such happy feelings buying and constructing your home also leaves you with lifelong happiness. Like in those early stages of love, people are also enthusiastic about designing and maintaining their home perfect but then they get lazy and complacent.

    At first when you built your home, you would not have thought about the years that would bring along faded walls, torn carpets, dusty window grills and curtains and greasy kitchen tiles. However, a day comes when your home loses that spark and becomes dull.

    Today is Valentine’s Day, a day when you rejuvenate the spark in your relationship, why not bring that passion and love back for your home too. Get it done with these simple tips!

    Light up your life. Décor options in lighting have improved a lot in the past few years. Smart lighting will allow you to set different ambiences. Chose lighting options that bring in functional mood or softer and intimate mood based on the work areas and rooms.

    Music is the food of love. Introduce music to enhance romance, consider having a sound system or home theatre installed. There are variety of options available in the market to fit in every budget.

    Clear your kitchen counters. Get back the pantry items, cans spread on the kitchen counter into their places. Cleaning up and organizing your home will definitely bring back the warm and fuzzy feelings.

    Add colours to your life. Be it a fresh coat of paint to the walls, a change of curtains, bedspreads and pillows or with some wall art and décor, a change of colour always brings back new life. Colour is always fun.

    Home is where the heart is, so, show your heart in the way you decorate your home. You can decorate rooms based on the personality and choice of people living in it. You can chose to put pictures of your family and friends or simply display your child’s art and craft.

    While materials do bring elegance and luxury, it is memories and the work of people that counts. Need some help in creating precious memories at your home, please consult our architects and designers, visit our website today!

    Happy Valentine’s Day!

  • A Guide to Residential Tile

    Selecting the right material is a crucial aspect of any design and construction especially when it comes to those materials that attribute to the aesthetics of your home. However, these days Tiles showrooms have become overwhelming to the point of leaving the buyer exhausted and confused. Showrooms display every type, style, size and colour of tile known to humanity leaving the buyer in decision dilemma. While the industry is coming up with more options since more options equate to better design choice and experience filtering information so that you’re left with an organized set of comprehendible decisions is equally important. This article is BuildingeKart ’s effort towards the same.

    person-with-ruler-installing-tile-floor

    So over the years we’ve rounded up a handful of tile options that work well for our cost-effective modern projects. Of course, manufacturers discontinue some (and release other) options, suppliers change what’s available, and the world is full of change. So in response, here is our guideline on selecting tile.

    Here are some characteristics to look for:

    1. They are conventional. Stick to those tiles that come in typical sizes and are consistent between one order and the next. Tiles should be familiar to work with and your tiles sub-contractor should be familiar with them. Bespoke, hand-crafted tiles are unpredictable and are not consistent between lots.
    2. They are available nationally. Exotic tiles imported from other countries have long lead times. Unless, your choice is exquisite, go for tiles that are available nationally. Otherwise, be prepared to over-order so that you are prepared for the variable of potentially needing more.
    3. These tiles avoid fashion. Yes, you heard me right. Flooring is a permanent feature of your home. While we are seeing innovation and new trends in tile designs it is tough to predict what will be timeless even after 10,20 and 50 years.
    4. They are not merely decorative. Yes, they are key attributing factor to aesthetics however they have major function that cannot be overridden for aesthetics and that is durability.
    5. They are bigger. Precision in manufacturing has improved a lot bringing down inconsistency in size and design to as less as 1/32” for an individual tile. However, to ensure that these fluctuations do not add up over tile courses, go for bigger tile sizes.

     

    Given the above criteria, I am now laying down the most common flooring options available in Indian market. They are all great options, so chose well and find out the tile on which your heart is set on.

    1. Ceramic Tiles: Ceramic Tiles, one of the oldest of the tiles clan, is made from clay or mixture of organic materials and is finished by kiln firing. They are available in various sizes and shapes, both glazed and unglazed. They are hard and brittle in nature, heat and corrosion resistant in the long run. These tiles come in various finishes like the anti-skid and mat finish, which are used on steps and in bathrooms. Floor tiles come in squares and wall tiles are mostly rectangular. Ceramic tiles are available in various brands like Kajaria, Nitco, Somany and Rak ceramics.
    2. Vitrified Tiles: Vitrified Tile is a type of Ceramic tile, however its making process makes it strong, porous and stain resistant. It is made by hydraulic pressing a mixture of clay, quartz, feldspar and silica, which make vitreous surface. Thus creating a single mass making them hard with low porosity.
    3. Glass Mosaic Tiles: Mosaic started as a piece of art with glass pieces. Manufacturing these tiles involves embedding small pieces of coloured glass, stone, or ceramic tile in a background material such as plaster or mortar. The resulting finish is unique and a variety of designs can be created. These tiles have multi-coloured block in them with a glass finish that makes them shine and are mostly used in kitchens, swimming pools, wash rooms and Pooja rooms.
    4. Marble floor: Now coming to the naturally available flooring material Marble, a type of metamorphosed limestone which is used since ancient times in making sculptures and as a building material. Unlike man made tiles, it tends to lose its shine over a period of time and needs polishing and regular maintenance. One has to be careful when choosing the right cleaning liquids and methods to give extended life.
    5. Granite floor: Another natural option, a common igneous rock composed of quartz, orthoclase, and hornblende, often accompanied by pyroxene or mica. It is called granite because of the granular surface. Granite is frequently used for buildings and monuments. It is a popular choice for not only flooring but also for countertops in kitchen and shelves. It is relatively inexpensive when compared to marble but very durable and stands for longer duration.

    man-putting-in-new-floor

    Flooring options are however not limited to tiles. Some other variety of flooring materials that are in prominence are Carpets, Laminates, Bamboo, Timber, Vinyl and leather. In my upcoming articles, I will bring to you more information not just about flooring tiles but roofing and exterior tiles options ranging from our good old Mangalore tiles to Shingles. So, please look forward.

  • Simple Steps towards eco-friendly home

    homehandover

    We all know how important it is today to go green. Every homeowner should try to make their home as eco-friendly as possible. This means they should try to minimize their electricity use and eliminate any products that are bad for the environment. So if you are thinking about turning your home green, there are many things you can do in order to achieve this. We have come up with some green design tips you should follow and you will be guaranteed to end up with a real environmentally-friendly home.

    Get Proper Insulation

    Insulation is one of the most important things you will have to consider when turning your home green. If your home doesn’t have proper insulation, you will be using more electricity to keep it cool during summer and warm during winter. So if you have decided to go green, you should aim at adding more insulation to your home. What’s great about this is that it will not only reduce your impact on the environment but it will reduce the cost of your bills as well. Aerated Concrete blocks, Expanded polystyrene, Glass wool, Gypsum board etc. are some materials that come to use in insulating home.

    Use Sustainable Building Materials

    If you plan to make extensions to your home, you should always try to use sustainable building materials when doing so. There are ways to go green with absolutely every part of your home. So your roofing materials, building materials and flooring insulation should all be environmentally-friendly. Not only this, but there are greener options for kitchen counters and furniture. When choosing any of these, opting for materials such as recycled plastic, recycled glass and recycled lumber as well as bamboo and cork which are made of renewable materials. Replace incandescent lighting with fluorescent lighting.

    Install Solar Panels

    Solar energy is renewable source of energy that all home owners should think about using. These have become quite a popular piece of technology for everyone who is trying to utilize the natural power as much as possible. Solar panels may look expensive at first, but with the long-term savings you can make, getting these is a real no-brainier. Of course, not only this, but by using less electricity, you will also reduce your impact on the environment. Not to mention that in some countries there are tax breaks with huge bonuses for people who are using these.

    Choose the Right Location

    In case you are buying a new home, you should always try to choose the best possible location for it. When going green, it’s very important that your home is not facing west as this will keep your home cool and minimize its sun exposure. Also, you should always go for a home with a large number of windows, so that there is no much need for using artificial lighting. Luckily, there is a large number of units for sale today and opting for the one that is great for going green should never be too difficult.

    Minimize waste

    Make plan for storage and processing of recyclables. Install filtration systems to eliminate the need for bottled water. Recycle packing and shipping materials from any newly purchased items. Reuse materials, such as brick, stone, glass, tile or metal, in new and interesting ways. Safely treat old wood and use for accents. Refinish and/or reupholster old furniture instead of buying new.

    Opt for Water Conserving Fixtures

    There are also water conserving fixtures that are a perfect choice for every green home out there. We are talking about low flow faucets, toilets and shower heads that will help you conserve water. All of these will both reduce the amounts of water that go to waste as well as your water bills. Besides this, there are also washing machines and dishwashers that have been especially designed to conserve water. Getting these would make your home much more environmentally-friendly.

    Since every contribution counts, you should always try to make your home as green as possible. Of course, there’s no need to do it all at once. Start with some smaller upgrades and then keep adding some new green products to your home.

  • what next after Steel Age?

    Innovation in engineering and construction is a factor that remains constant through changing times so much so that Stone, Bronze and Iron became the factors in determining ages of human civilisation. The way Iron replaced bronze and bronze replaced copper, steel had replaced Iron in the construction industry. So, if steel had replaced Iron, why not think that something else would replace steel. After all, this is what is evolution and innovation. Carbon fibre is one such material that is gaining popularity as a replacement for steel in reinforcement.

    Carbon Fibre aka CFRP is extremely strong, light and has high tensile strength. The properties of carbon fibre, such as high stiffness, low weight, high chemical resistance, high temperature tolerance and low thermal expansion make it one of the most popular materials in civil engineering. Possessing strength up to five times that of steel and being one-third its weight, we might as well call it ‘the superhero’ of the material world.

    Carbon fibre is used in strengthening structures made of concrete, steel, timber, masonry, and cast iron. It has also found applications in making of aircraft components and structures, where its superior strength to weight ratio far exceeds that of any metal. In fact, 30% of all carbon fibre is used in the aerospace industry in making of helicopters, gliders and jets.

    case-eyecatcher-eye-skeletcase-eyecatcher-c09

    Carbon fibre is the new black. Think of a shiny black coffee table or bathtub or simple phone cases made of carbon fibre.

    Finally, carbon fibre is extensively used in the automobile industry in making of outer bodies, etc. However, Engineers in the automotive and aerospace industries might be utilising the material to extreme limits, but R&D in architecture is moving at a snail’s pace. Adoption is slow, and of course, it is a material still in infancy the way steel was in its initial times. Carbon fibre is brittle, less likely to bend compared to steel and production costs are high. However, there is a lot of scope for innovation.

    There are both limitations and opportunities for the application of carbon fibre and it is not yet a material to replace concrete or steel in particular, especially for the highly loaded and significant parts of the building. Confidence, internationally recognised standards, and frequent adoption will no doubt change that. Even today, where the option of regular inspection, maintenance, and replacement exists, CFRP façade components have a high potential for application in some areas of tall building design. Developments in the chemistry of the polymers will further enhance durability, making this application even more appealing.

    There are a few more materials that are suggested as alternatives to steel. One such material is Bamboo. I will discuss it in upcoming article.

     

  • Vernacular Architecture - a trip to the past

     

    A recent trip to visit the town Leh of Ladakh reminded me of the importance of vernacular architecture - and how far away we've come from designing with the environment in mind. Many houses and places there stand as charming reminders that good architecture is timeless and functions with the environment.

    People today are however forgetting the importance of Vernacular Architecture and adapting the modern techniques of construction, which is not blending with the local architecture of Ladakh in terms of aesthetics and climate. It is important to recognize how local folks have been able to counter the inclemency of weather through architecture. Making the houses out of mud, building the walls from sun dried bricks, use of mud or wood for flooring, large interior spaces with low ceilings, all these were measures taken to trap the heat and make the houses conducive for living. Windows and roofs were designed from Poplar wood, one of the most common coniferous trees found in this region signifying the usage of local materials.

    ladakh

    Any structure that is aesthetic is invariably talked about however understanding the efficiency of the structure in terms of energy consumption, materials used, and the carbon footprints registered is of equal importance. Vernacular architecture was executed by amateurs where in usage of local materials and participation of local people considering the local climate was given utmost importance.

    Traditional houses had large verandahs acting as a shield from harsh weather conditions. Interior courtyard helped in bringing natural light and ventilation while also addressing functional requirements. Coastal areas often have sloped and tiled roofs ensuring easy run-off of rain water.

    Houses in Rajasthan were made of twigs, mud, clay and stone considering low water level and sparse vegetation.

    rajasthan

    In the villages of Assam, houses are built with bamboo. These houses are detailed out to combat the heavy monsoons. The floor of the house is a bamboo weave that allows the water of a flood to flow in, rather than keep it out. This is an important principle of sustainable development.

    assam-house

     

    A typical Odia house in a village has stone wall and gable roof on a wood or bamboo frame thatched with straw. The Kadi (timber beam) and Baraga (timber rafter) are applied for flat roof construction.

    High salt contents in atmosphere can corrode building materials. Houses in Kerala were built of laterite and timber. Commonality with Southeast Asian culture is more obvious owing to the maritime trade links.

    kerala_courtyard_with_planter

    Globalization has changed the pattern of living and dwellings too. New buildings are being constructed and older buildings are replaced or modified. Houses today are glazed spaces with no provision for ventilation and protection from the sun. This increases the dependency on air-conditioning further adding to carbon footprint.

    To find out a solution for overcoming this adverse situation for the built environment, a proper study of vernacular architecture and indigenous technology is needed. Architects and designers need to revisit traditional modes of construction and design and fuse the same with modern architecture. This shall enable the buildings to breath naturally thus addressing green sentiments that are the need of the hour.

     

  • Evolution in Spatial Planning : A parallel with our ancestral homes

    Most homes today , boast of having a great amount of western influence in them . Not only, for their aesthetics in terms of design and treatment but also primarily in their spatial planning . From the inclusion of a laundry room to the proportion of a living room , we have a tendency to ape the western concept of homes in a bid to make our design more involved .

    On further introspection , this evolved planning , in a co-incidental fashion bears a startling similarity with our very indigenous ancestral homes !! Be it in their functionality or layout planning the resemblance is glaring .

    Barring aside almost a century or half of design ,which I consider to be the dark ages of design ,  the comparison lies with the homes  prior to this period .

    Lets have a look at some of the latest trends in comparison with our ancestral homes:

    1. Courtyard concept : Most ancestral homes revolved around a central courtyard . These courtyards , served multi faceted uses . They not only kept the wind circulation going( crucial to our weather conditions) , they also added vitality to the house with its abundance of light ,also at the same time keeping the spatial planning simple and uncluttered with all spaces placed around the courtyard .8a93115ad912f049d3fe83fc595301f5

      In new age homes , the central courtyard is back with a contemporary twist to it . These courtyards come in the form of internal gardens or waterbodies , which not only add to the aesthetics of the home but also do serve the exact same purpose of their earlier counterparts .

    first-floor-garden-areabrick-courtyard

    2. High roofs/ higher ceiling heights  :

    Our ancestors escaped heat with the tried and tested method of having high roofs or ceilings . In addition to adding volume to the space , they cope better with our climatic conditions .

    The sloping roofs also did have a vent in them to let the hot air escape out , a mock version of a skylight . 

    details-2swiss1__details_page_1

    The above images show the high ceilings enabling an ideal climatological solution . Over the years , due to various reasons the ceiling heights of homes have reduced to a standard height of 10 ' .

    In a contemporary spin off, double height living rooms , bedrooms etc are the rage ! The double height spaces like their traditional counterparts add aesthetic value and yet aid in the escape of hot air .

    fall-house-12-800x599double-height-living-space-6

    3.Spatial organization :

    Homes prior to a century had either dedicated store rooms for grains , household items etc or one huge room dedicated to storage . Over the years , living rooms and bedrooms grew in prominance and in size , while storage was relegated to a lower rung of the order .

    In a completion of a circle , home owners of today insist on segregated storage spaces like a cloak room , grains store , household store etc.....even at the compromise of having tad smaller living rooms.

    4. Services organziation :

    We must all be aware of our ancestral homes having a huge backyards dedicated for mundane tasks like dishwashing ,clothes washing , 2 kitchens for ease of usage , so on and so forth .These spaces bought about a discipline in terms of tasks ,hence enabling better time management .

    Again , in a bid to have larger than large living rooms ,in houses built a couple of decades ago ,daily chore areas would eventually get compromised as they weren't visible to the eyes of a visitor . Strangely , in a bid to adopt a western lifestyle , homes today have dedicated laundry rooms , utility rooms for dishwashing and most importantly 2 kitchens , a dry kitchen and a wet kitchen !!All in the name of discipline and time management .

    5. Opening sizes / sizes of openings  :

    In pre dark ages era, the boundaries between rooms were very vaguely classified , thereby enabling a more open plan . The openings , in the case of windows were large allowing more than adequate light and ventilation to the homes . All this, bearing also in the mind  climatological considerations for sizes and heights .

    In the stages of evolution of design , windows became smaller and fewer . Rooms became more fortified in the name of privacy , in the process resulting in a more matchbox like plan .Today , more so from the past decade , in a wave of liberal minds owing to westernisation , our homes are also planned with a key ingredient : an open house plan !!

     

    With the advent of technology and further innovations , plumbing and electrical sectors have undergone a sea of change ,whereas what do the above points say ? Are we out from the dark ages of design  ? Are we completing a circle of evolution to come back to the same point our ancestors started from ? Or are we aping the west regardless of ur roots and bearings ? 

    To conclude, in my opinion , all of the above are true ..We have reached a point of contentment in a forward looking design by not looking backward but yet we have reached square one !

    Sapna .C.S 

    (The author is a practicing architect in Bangalore with a professional experience of over a decade , and a keen observer of international trends to indian context ) 

     

     

  • Sump: Know your multipurpose water storehouse

    One important structure present in every house but often goes unnoticed is the sump tank. Since, municipal water is not provided for construction purposes, Sump became a mandatory structure that has to be erected before commencing any other construction activity. In Bangalore, there are many areas wherein either the frequency of municipal water supply is less or there is no supply at all. Water purchased from private water tankers is stored in sump that acts a supplement to the mandatory overhead tank present in every house.

    How to Build a Sump:
    Here are some simple guidelines in planning, locating, and constructing the sump.
    Location of sump:

    Close to the road: the sump location should be located close to the road as the water line runs along the road. Being close to, the road is also advantage when we hire the water tanker to fill-up easily.

    Under the porch: Usually sump is planned below the car parking because there is ample space available here and it’s usually near to the road.

    According to Vastu: As per Vastu, sump should be located in the Northeast corner of the site. This sometimes needs adjustments in the overall planning of the house in cases where in the site is west facing. Hence, it is recommended that the location of sump is finalized before the architect commences with the actual house plan.

    Planning for capacity of sump:
    For most families, a sump of 3,000 litres and an overhead tank of 1,500 litres capacity is more than sufficient. However, since a regular tanker load comes with a capacity of 6,000 litres, most of the sumps in Bangalore are constructed with 6,000 litres capacity.
    If you are planning more houses for rental purposes then it is suggested that you add the additional capacity of 3000 to 4000 liters per extra house. A bigger sump is more expensive and it takes more space but it is very useful especially when there is a water scarcity.
     Depth of the Sump should be 5 feet and not more because a person should be able to stand in the sump with his head sticking out so that he does not feel suffocated.
     As a rough guide, we should consider that 1 cubic feet area can contain approximately 28 liters of water. So divide the proposed sump capacity with 28 to get the required sump volume in cubic feet and build accordingly.
     Calculate the sump length and breadth by diving the sump volume with the depth. The shape of the sump should be either rectangle or square.

    For Example:
    If we have decided for a sump capacity with 15000 liters, then divide it by 28 to get a volume of approximately 536 cubic feet. This is the sump volume. Then divide this figure by 5’ depth to get required sump area hich in this case is 107 square feet. Then, decide the length and breadth of the sump based on the shape and available area.

    Construction of sump: sump can be constructed by concrete and bricks/blocks depending on capacity of sump.

    By using concrete:  Concrete is ideally preferred for constructing the sump because it eliminates problems like water seepage and contamination of the stored water from the soil or underground water or sewage.

    By using bricks/blocks: Bricks/blocks are often used owing to cost constraints however there is a risk of leakage. Use of good quality bricks, rough plaster in the outside, and smooth plaster in the inner side of the sump is recommended. Make sure that a plastering mesh is used while plastering to avoid cracks.

    Note:
     Water pressure will be more on the internal corners of the sump. So avoid constructing the sump/tank corners in 90 degrees like room walls. Instead, have rounded corners so that the water pressure is distributed over a large area and also corners are easier to clean.
     The depth of the sump must be below the depth of the footings.

    Case study:

    Recently we constructed a sump in a 32’x50’ site where we planned to store 15300 liters of water capacity in a sump. Hence, we excavated the depth as 6’3” from plinth beam bottom with length & breadth of 11’&16’6” respectively.

    Construction Process:         
    Clean the site
    Step 1:- Cleaned the site.
    Step 2:- Marked the plot for sump as per above figures.
    Step 3:- Filled the area with alternative layers of mud & stones up to 9”. This is called soiling.
    Step 4:- Covered the area with PCC (plain concrete cement) in the ratio 0f    1:4:8. Up to 3”.
    Step 5:-Steel mat placed for entire area. Mat constructed by using 10 mm rod as rows and columns with the span of 5”.

    steel-mat
    Step 6:- Covered the area with concrete in the ratio of 1:1.5:3 up to 5”.
    Step 7:  Four sides of wall marked with width of 9’3” outer to outer and length of 15’ outer to outer. While marking time we need to leave some space along the outer side walls to fill up wall joints.

    concrete
    Step 8: Raising of Wall:
    Height of the wall should be decided based on plinth beam level.
    If the plinth beam comes on the top of raised walls then walls should be raised up to plinth beam bottom level. If the plinth beam does not come on top of raised walls then we should raise the walls up to the below the thickness of sump slab which is 5”. In addition, it should be leveled to be beside the plinth beams.
     In this case, we constructed 9” inch walls with length 14’, width 7.75’, and depth/height 5’ inner to inner. Hence, we can store approximately 15,300 liters of water.

    walls

    Step 9: Plastering
    => Mesh to be placed:
    PVC pipe conduits for rain water or electric wiring placed inside the masonry walls where plaster has tendency to shrink and crack. To prevent this, prior to plastering, a chicken wire mesh should be wrapped around the PVC conduit. Similarly, chicken wire should be placed over the brick work junction to prevent hairline crack in plaster.
    => First, we plastered one layer of cement mortar mix in the ratio of 1:3 and then attached a chicken mesh. After that we left it for one day for drying. Waterproofing chemical should be added to the mortar mix (140 ml for one bag of cement). Also check that the mortar is not hollow at corners.
    => The walls are then plastered with 1:4 Mortar mix, Rounded corners, as recommended earlier, are made while plastering.
    platering
    Step 10: Curing:
    Curing is mandatory to any structural member. Hence we should cure the walls, sump bottom surface, and top surface for two days. And finally we can store the water in sump.

    curing

    Come back here to get more construction and design tips from BuildingeKart engineers. Consult our engineers today to plan your dream home in a better way!

  • Foundations and Footings

    At BuildingeKart, our engineers strive to maintain transparency with our clients and keep them aware of the construction nuances. As a step towards this, we bring to you various ideas and technologies about civil engineering and construction through our articles. Today's article talks about  the most crucial aspect of your building- the foundation and footing.

    The foundations of the building transfer the load of the building to the ground. Hence we must determine the safe bearing capacity of soil before constructing a home. As the name suggests, “this is the amount of weight per unit area that the soil can bear”.

    footing

    This capacity also changes at different depths of the soil. In general, the deeper one digs the greater the soil bearing capacity, unless there is a pocket of weak soil in the earth. It is common that the soil near the surface of the earth has a weak safe bearing capacity. Hence, to properly support the building, the soil must be firm and strong. If a building is to rest on the soil, it will sink into the earth like a ship in the water. Building contractors usually dig until they reach very firm and strong soil.

    Usually, every building has a number of individual foundations commonly called as footings. And each footing has a column.

    All foundations are classified into two categories, namely shallow foundations and deep foundations. The names shallow and deep refers to the depth of the soil in which the foundation is made. Shallow foundations can be made in depth of 3ft. and deep foundations can be made at depths of 60 – 200ft. Shallow foundations are used for small, light buildings while deep ones for large and heavy buildings.

    Shallow Foundations:

                           Shallow foundations are also called spread footing and open footings. 'Open' refers to the fact that the foundations are made by first excavating all the earth till the bottom of the footing, and then constructing the footing. During the early stages of work, the entire footing is visible to the eye. And therefore it is called as open footing.  The idea is that each footing takes the concentrated load of the column and spreads it out over a large area so that actual weight of the building on the soil does not exceed the safe bearing capacity of the soil.

    There are several shallow foundations: Individual footings, strip footings, and raft foundations.

    In cold climate, the Shallow foundations must be protected from freezing. This is because the water in the soil around the foundation can freeze and expand, thereby damaging the foundation. These foundations should be built under the frost line. This is the level within the ground above which freezing occurs. If they cannot be built below the frost line, they should be protected by insulation. Normally a little heat from the building will permeate into the soil and prevent freezing.

    Individual Footing:

    Individual footings are one of the most simple and common types of footings. These are used when the load of the building is carried by columns. Usually, each column has its own footing. The footing is just a rectangle or square on which column sits. To get the rough idea of the size of footing, we will take the total weight on the column divide it by safe bearing capacity of soil.

    For example:

    The column has a vertical load of 10T and sharing capacity of soil is 10T/mm2 then area of footing is 1mm2.

    • Individual footings are connected with a plinth beam, it is a Horizontal beam, and it is constructed at the ground or below the ground level.

    Strip Footings:

                   Strip footings are commonly found in load-bearing masonry constructions and act as a long strip for an entire wall. These are used where the building loads are carried by entire walls rather than isolated columns such as older buildings made of masonry.

    Raft foundations:

    Raft foundations are also called mat foundations. These are used where the soil is weak and where the columns are closely spaced.

    Summary

    Foundation is the part of structure below plinth level up to the soil. It is in direct contact with soil and transmits load of super-structure to the soil. Generally, it is below the ground level if some part of the foundation is above the ground level, it is also covered with earth filling. This portion of the structure is not in contact with air, light etc. hence it is called as hidden part of the structure.

    Steps for constructing the foundation work:

    1. Excavation of earth work in trenches for foundation.
    2. Laying out cement concrete.
    3. Laying the footing in case of column construction.
    4. Laying Anti termite treatment.
    5. Laying brick work up to the plinth level.
    6. Laying damp proof course on the walls.
    7. Refilling of earth around the walls.

    Depth of foundation:

    Depth of foundation is based on the following factors

    1. Availability of adequate bearing capacity.
    2. Depth of shrinkage and swelling in case of clay soil.
    3. Depth of ground water table.
    4. Depth of frost penetration in case of fine sand and silt.
    5. Practical minimum depth of foundation should not be less than 50 cm. To allow removal of top soil and variations in ground level.
    6. Hence best recommended depth of the soil is from 1m to 1.5m from original ground level.

    Precautions during excavation of earth for foundation:

    The depth and width of foundation should be according to structural engineer

    1. The depth of the soil should not be less than 1m if the design is not available.
    2. The length, width, and depth of the excavation should be checked with the center line and level marked on the burjis.
    3. The excavated material should dumped at a distance of 1m from the edges.
    4. Work should be done on dry soil.
    5. Arrangement of water pump should be made for pumping out the rain water.
    6. The bottom layer of foundation should be compacted
  • Hire an Architect – Save your Money!!

    You can use an eraser on the drafting table or a sledge hammer on the construction site. – Frank Lloyd Wright

    This article just goes about explaining what the famous architect Frank Lloyd Wright once said. So, before you jump the gun and hire your contracting crew, consider the benefits of architectural input. Architects plan and design buildings, remodels, and major renovations. If you’re thinking it’s just more money spent, it might be the opposite. You could save a bundle with their building code and structural requirement knowledge, as well as ensuring your vision comes properly to life.

    Whether you are about the renovate existing home, adding some floors to it or going for whole new construction of your dream home, your building project represents a major investment of your life’s savings. Smart decision-makers know that the way to maximize such an investment begins with consulting an architect. Architects are the only professionals who have the education, training, experience and vision to maximize your construction spending and ease the entire design and construction process.

    Early involvement is key. Architects, with an early involvement, can provide meaningful guidance for design. They can conduct site studies, provide secure planning and structural drawings taking care of all compliances and approvals, and perform a variety of other pre-design tasks. Plus, when architects are involved at the earliest planning stage, they gain more opportunities to understand your requirements, develop creative solutions, and propose ways to reduce costs. The long-term result is a house that adds to the productivity, efficiency, and effectiveness needed to make it home.

    Speak with an architect who is a member of BuildingeKart at the earliest stage of your planning process.

    Meet and Architect today

    Why a BuildingeKart architect?

    BuildingeKart ensures to enrol only those architects who remain current with professional standards through continuing education and subscribe to a Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct that assure clients, the public, and colleagues of their dedication to high standards in professional practice.

    BuildingeKart architects can help you:

    Clarify and design as per your needs - BuildingeKart architects can fully examine your requirements, budget, and building site to help define the scope of what’s to be built. The design process is a theoretical exercise to determine the most functional and aesthetic solution for a client within a given program and budget. Essentially it is the paper version of what will become your home. As you can imagine, it’s much cheaper to make changes on paper than it is to make changes during construction.

    Professional Advice - There is no way for me, or anyone, to adequately quantify the value of professional advice that is born out of solid experience and knowledge from the earliest stages of design through to construction. Simply put very few clients are knowledgeable enough about design, ergonomics, and history and engineering to be able to do the job that your architect does every day. Having access to that professional advice through all stages of your project is invaluable, because, a well-designed building that is properly detailed is a more sound investment for years to come.

    Experienced Oversight - They say that a great set of drawings is only as good as the contractor organizing the process of construction. Before I go further, let me state that there are a lot of very good contractors out there, but contractors are just one part of a team that should include your architect. Architects take the responsibility to assist the contractor during construction to interpret and translate the construction documents into built form. By retaining your architect during construction you will have the benefit of sound design, good details, and professional advice and avoid any oversight of your project, because, again, this is the largest investment you’re likely to make in your lifetime.

    Manage your project - From the first draft plan to the last interior design implementation, BuildingeKart architects act as project leaders. They manage and coordinate key project elements, allowing you to sit in peace during entire home construction process.

    Maximize your investment - BuildingeKart architects are up to date with latest construction technology trends and design building as per the latest trend. They also guide you on the right materials choice for your needs. A building designed for maximum energy efficiency can reduce bills now and down the road. Plus, efficient use of space can reduce the total square footage you require. And a well-designed building can reduce initial costs and also increase its long-term value.

    See the big picture - BuildingeKart architects don’t just design four walls and a roof—they create total environments, both interior and exterior, that are pleasing and functional for the people to settle and make it abode.

    Solve problems - Most projects start with a want or a need. “I need morespace in my home.” Or, “We’ve outgrown our house.” But how does that need or want get translated into square feet and three-dimensional space?

    That is what architects are trained to do solve problems in creative ways. With their broad knowledge of design and construction, architects can show you alternatives and options you might never think of on your own.

    Need more room for your growing family? An architect can show you how to enlarge your home so you don’t have to move. Not sure how fast your business is going to grow? An architect can design an office that meets your needs today and can be adapted for tomorrow. Have a limited budget? The architect looks for ways to make your project cost effective.

    The architect can save you money - The architect’s services are a wise investment for the money, not an added cost to your project. Why?

    Because a well-conceived project can be built more efficiently and economically.

    Architects plan your projects with you. As your ideas evolve, changes can be made on paper much less expensively than later on when construction is underway. Thorough drawings also make it easier for the contractor to accurately price and build your project.

    Because energy efficient buildings can save you money on fuel bills down the road.

    An architect can design a building to maximize heating from the sun and let in natural light, thus reducing your heating, cooling and electric bills over time.

    Because the architect can work with your budget and help you select the appropriate materials and workmanship at a fair price.

    Because an architect can help you choose materials and finishes that are durable as well as beautiful, saving on frequent maintenance and replacement costs.

    Architects work to stay abreast of advances in roofing, brick work, floor tiling, paint finishes, etc. Their familiarity with the full range of materials enables them to suggest the appropriate materials for your project.

    Because good design sells. A well-designed house has a higher resale value. A well-designed work environment attracts employees and increases productivity.

    The process of designing and building a structure is messy and complicated and requires a number of knowledgeable professionals to make sure things are done properly and according to the standards set forth by the architect. A home is also an incredibly personal building type and should be designed by someone who will take the time to really dig into your needs, wants and desires to create a home that truly meets the needs of you and your family. The small investment you make in your architect will more than pay for itself in the end.

    If your project requires engineering or other design services, BuildingeKart architects coordinate with this team of experts so you don’t have to. BuildingeKart can help you find qualified construction contractors based on your requirements. BuildingeKart architect visits the construction site to help verify that the project is being built according to plans and specifications.

    Whether you are ready to get started or you would just like to make an enquiry, contact us for a no obligation chat about what we can do for you and receive a free design quote. Discover why we have become so successful — pick up the phone and give us a call!

    Call Us: +91-9108498104

    Email Us: mailto:support@BuildingeKart.com or Post your query on our website today!!

  • Whats trending in the world of colours ??!!

    Colours!!

    They lift you up , put you down ….. they whirl you around , they put you on standby !!

    As designers, our shoulders bear the additional responsibility of not only keeping in mind the aesthetics of a space but also the  chemistry between the space and living beings !

    Colour of the space definitely being a parameter of judgement .

    All of us go through our modes of trials and tribulations and in the process  achieved in practice a set of “safe colours “ to experiment with . The mind wants to wander beyond the safe with a tingling excitement of creating something new but there is   always a sense of apprehension when it comes to colours !

    Lets have a look at some of the new age colours taking the world by storm and yet maintaining a sense of stability , harmony  with the added advantage of being “New age “!

    After multiple seasons of Metallics , pastels have made a refreshing appearance earmarking their place in the season trends .Be it Versace or Roche Bobois , a splash of colours dominates their collection .

    Here are a few :

    Teal :

    If a  picture speaks a thousand words , here's a colour that  inspires  a thousand pictures !! A colour that has one reminiscing about gorgeous beaches and the soft translucent waters splashing around them !

    A versatile colour to blend and complement , Teal is indeed a novelty !

    Neo-classical      vs.      Contemporary  / Blends vs tones

    Be it a neo-classical design or a contemporary setting , Teal adds a touch of subdued vibrancy to the space , enhancing the aesthetic sense to a whole new level of brilliancy! Blending with solid tones & woods , complementing with the  brights , Teal provides a whole new package .

    Continue reading

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